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In the Islamic world, past and present, there have been many rulers who worked for the welfare of their nation, incorporated the Islamic concept of government, and even called for the establishment of inter-Islamic unity. This article is about 5 strong leaders of past and present, which you will definitely be interested to know about.
1. Shah Faisal, the pioneer of Islamic unity
Shah Faisal was born in April 1906. Faisal was a wise and talented man from the beginning. Shah Faisal had started performing important feats in his youth. In 1920, he was appointed governor of Hijaz. In 1953, when Saud bin Abdulaziz became king and Faisal was crowned. A year later, he became the President of the Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister.
In 1964, he became king. During the eleven-year rule of King Faisal, development work was carried out so abundantly and rapidly that Saudi Arabia joined the ranks of the most prosperous and developed countries in the list of the most backward countries in the world. Cities and ports were expanded in a modern way, airports were built, a network of roads was laid across the country, shrines were expanded and various facilities were provided to the pilgrims. The royal palaces were handed over to educational and charitable institutions.
Ittehad-e-Islam was a great goal of Shah Faisal.
In April 1965, Shah Faisal pledged to unite Muslims around the world on the basis of Islam. To achieve his goal, he began touring Islamic countries on November 8 of that year. Went to Iran first. He then visited Jordan, Sudan, Pakistan, Turkey, Morocco and others respectively.
He visited Turkey in August 1966 and thus became the first Arab leader to visit Turkey. During these visits, Shah Faisal tried to explain the fact that the salvation of Muslims depends only on Islam and their well-being depends on Islamic unity. After the arson attack on Al-Aqsa Mosque in August 1969, the Arab and Islamic countries became convinced of the veracity of Shah Faisal’s position and all the Islamic countries were ready to unite under one organization.
From September 22 to 25, 1969, for the first time in the history of the world, a conference of Muslim leaders was held in Rabat, Morocco. After this date, various Islamic conferences are being held under the auspices of the Islamic Office (Secretariat).
In April 1966, Shah Faisal visited Pakistan for the first time and on this occasion announced that he would bear all the expenses of the Central Jama Masjid of Islamabad. Today, the mosque is known around the world as the Shah Faisal Mosque.
On March 25, 1978, it was announced on the radio that King Faisal bin Abdulaziz, the ruler of Saudi Arabia, had been shot dead by his nephew, Faisal bin Musaad bin Abdulaziz, in the royal palace. Has been martyred. Thus these great leaders departed from the world.
2. The founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ruhollah Sayed Ruhollah Khomeini r.a
Imam Khomeini was the Islamic religious leader of Iran and the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He was born on September 24, 1902, in Khomeini.
When pro-Reza Shah generals overthrew the government of nationalist Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh in 1953, Iranian clerics continued their covert campaign against the Shah of Iran, and a few years later Ayatollah Khomeini emerged as a great leader on the horizon of Iranian politics.
On October 28, 1964, when the Shah of Iran’s government passed a law under which Iranian law would not apply to what the Americans wanted to do, the next day, Imam Khomeini inaugurated the city of Afaq at Madrasa Fayzia Qom.
It became the prelude to a great revolution. He said to the people: “O people of Najaf, Qom, Mashhad, Tehran and Shiraz! I warn you, do not accept this slavery. Will you remain silent and say nothing? Should we do it and not open our mouths? ”
The speech shook the throne. Seven days later, Imam Khomeini was arrested and deported from Tehran’s Mehrabad airport, first to Turkey, then to Najaf, and then to France.
January 17, 1979, The Shah of Iran left the country. When Imam Khomeini returned home after 16 years of exile, he was greeted by millions of Iranians from Tehran’s Mehrabad airport to Behesht-e-Zahra cemetery.
Vala, a ruler who had fled the country after being defeated by an imam despite the full patronage of the United States, his nominee Shahpur Bakhtiar’s government was trembling like an autumn leaf, Shah did so to silence the imam’s voice.
No matter what they did, they did not break the atrocities, but Imam Khomeini’s voice could not be silenced.
3. Former Army Chief and President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was a former Pakistani army chief who overthrew the government of then-Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1977 and imposed martial law and later took over the presidency. He held the posts of Sipah Salar and Sadrat till his death.
Zia-ul-Haq was born in 1924. In 1945, he was commissioned in the army. After the independence of Pakistan, they migrated to Pakistan. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1964, Major General in 1973 and Corps Commander in April 1975.
On March 1, 1976, he was promoted to the rank of General and became the Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Army.
In 1977, the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) accused the government of rigging the elections and a series of nationwide protests against Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto began. Martial law was enacted on the evening of July 4, 1977. In February 1985, Muhammad Khan Junejo became the Prime Minister. On the basis of mutual trust, martial law was lifted on December 30, 1985 and on the basis of mistrust, under the Eighth Amendment, General Zia-ul-Haq dismissed the government of Muhammad Khan Junejo on May 29, 1988.
Between 1978 and 1985, Zia took several steps to transform Pakistan into a religious state. The Federal Sharia Court was set up to enforce religious laws and to remove laws that contradicted Islam, and it was given some legislative powers.
The state retained the authority to collect Zakat and Ushr.
By allowing Ahmadis to call their places of worship mosques, to keep and recite the Qur’an, to greet one another like Muslims, and to place Islamic sermons and the names of their daughters on women belonging to the Prophet’s family.
Punishment for blasphemy and death or life imprisonment for blasphemy was amended in Pakistan (later the Shariah court upheld the death penalty for blasphemy).
Parliament was renamed the Majlis-e-Shura. Zia-ul-Haq amended the legal requirements regarding the eligibility and disqualification of members for membership in the assemblies to respect religious standards. He also overthrew the education system, first facilitating the increase in the number of madrassas and increasing the number of religious lessons in the textbooks of all classes.
The Soviet Union’s (Russia’s) invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 was aimed at conquering Pakistan and gaining access to the warm waters of the Arabian Sea.
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, realizing the threats to national security posed by Russia and India, decided to help the people working for the independence of Afghanistan. At the same time, he launched a struggle in Kashmir.
He passed away on August 17, 1988 in a plane crash near Bahawalpur.
4. The current hero of the Islamic world, Rajab Tayyab erdogan
‘Bron on February 26, 1954, he is a Turkish politician, former Nazim of Istanbul former Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey and the twelfth elected President. Rajab assumed the presidency on August 28, 2014.
During his visit to Pakistan in October 2009, Rajab erdogan was awarded Pakistan’s highest civilian honor, the Pakistan Insignia. After the Israeli invasion of the Gaza Strip in 2008, Rajab Tayyab Erdogan led Turkey.
The government reacted strongly against its old ally Israel and protested strongly. Turkey’s protests did not stop there, but immediately after the attack, in 2009 when Turkish Prime Minister Rajjab Tayyab erdogan briefed the World Economic Forum on the details of blatant and blatant Israeli crimes, he was stopped for not giving him enough time to speak.
Erdogan boycotted the forum meeting and returned immediately. This incident made him a hero in Arabia and in the Islamic world, and on his arrival in Turkey, the sons of Turkey received a warm welcome from their heroic patron. After the Israeli attack and the death of 9 Turkish citizens in the attack, Erdogan once again emerged as a hero in the Arab world, and from the people to the governments and the media, Turkish and Turkish leader Rajjab Tayyab Erdogan’s Palestinian issues, especially the Gaza Strip.
He praised the firm stand for the end of the siege and many Arab journalists called On the night of July 15, 2016, a faction of the army abruptly announced the imposition of martial law in the country, but the coup plot was foiled by the Turkish people on the streets, lying in front of tanks, proving that the original The ruler is the one who rules over the hearts of the people. After that, Rajab Tayyab Erdogan called a referendum on the presidential system in Turkey through a public referendum, after the success of which the presidential system is now in force in Turkey. Rajab Tayyab Erdogan is an Islamist.
He considers Caliph Abdul Majeed II as his ideal and Erdogan raises his voice against the persecution of Muslims everywhere in the world. He has repeatedly spoken on the issue of Kashmir and the issue of Palestine in international forums and for the rights of Muslims.
In the current era, many people think that Tayyab Erdogan will establish the Ottoman Caliphate after the end of the Treaty of Lausanne in 2023, which will be attended by many Islamic countries, and Muslims will re-establish the Ottoman Caliphate. However, no confirmation message has been issued by his government so far.
5. Mahathir Muhammad, the revolutionary founder of the modern era
Mahathir bin Mohammad is a former Prime Minister of Malaysia, who took office on May 10, 2018 after winning the election, but resigned in February 2020. He previously held the post from 1981 to 2003, for 22 years.
The role of Mahathir Mohammad in the history of Malaysia will always be remembered as a benefactor and the founder of the modern revolution. Mahathir Mohammad brought Malaysia’s history-changing nation out of political and social darkness.
He bridged the growing gap between people living in Malaysia and speaking different languages and integrating them into one nation. All his credit and pride goes to the philosophy of revolution, which was nurtured by Mahathir Muhammad. The cure for the economic and political problems facing the Muslim Ummah today lies in the ideas of Mahathir Muhammad.
Mahathir Mohammad was the Prime Minister of the country from 1981 to 2003. After becoming the Prime Minister, he presented an agenda to transform his country into an important industrial and developed nation.
The public policy adopted by Mahathir Mohammad is based on the following political philosophy. According to Mahathir Mohammad, the “institution of the family” is the basic social unit of Malay society, which the state made part of its system to give it financial and social stability, and this family system played an important role in making Malaysia a modern state. The second ideology is the state which, according to Mahathir Muhammad, should be based on the observance of the constitution and the law.
The state system should be based on self-accountability, the state should establish a fair system of resource allocation, and should not tolerate any fluctuations in discipline. According to Mahathir Mohammad, the ideology of terrorism is also part of the political philosophy of the West, which aims to seize the resources of Muslim countries.
According to him, it is very important to maintain a balance between human rights and duties. According to him, a nation can never sacrifice its Islamic and religious identity, they consider Islamic history and heritage very important for the existence of their nation and This was the philosophy of Mahathir Mohammad who transformed Malaysia into a developed nation of the world.
Today, Mahathir Mohammad is an ideal leader for the Islamic world, whose words can lead any country to progress.